WHAT ARE BED BUGS
Bed bugs (Cimex lectularius) are red-brown, inactive and flightless parasitic in nature they choose to feed on peoples blood. In contrast, pets are rarely attacked. They belong to the family of flat bugs (Cimicidae). Spread:Bed bugs are the followers of civilization. They follow people, which is why they can now be found everywhere. As a result of our worldwide travels and global trade, the spread of bed bugs has increased extremely. They are brought in via luggage and cartons in aeroplanes, ships, trains and vehicles. But they can also get into the house by purchasing old pieces of furniture in which they have nested in that case one should get an exterminator to their home.
The life cycle of bed bug
Bed bugs can live up to 18 months.After the eggs have been fertilized, the larvae hatch after around two weeks. They then go through five development phases before they grow into a fully grown insects.They are relatively resilient so that they can survive for many weeks even in extreme situations without food. If, on the other hand, the temperature drops below 13 degrees, development stagnates. From around 43 degrees, the chances of survival of bed bugs also decrease.
Attracted by CO2 emissions, body heat and the smell of humans, they prefer to feed on our blood. They can also be found in stables to feed on the animal blood. Until they have found a suitable place on the skin, they bite (stab) several times, so that a so-called “bug road” can become visible on the skin. The bed bugs try to drink blood at least once a week.
Bed bugs are nocturnal and attack people while they are asleep. During the day they hide in dark, sheltered places such as niches and cracks. They can be found between your clothes, under and in the folds of the mattress, in cracks in furniture, behind floor and skirting boards, in sockets and cracks in wallpaper and wall coverings. They often stay close to get their food ration.
WHY ARE BED BUGS PESTS?
Their bites cause excruciating itching and redness. A single bite (sting) cannot be felt. Usually, however, there are several bite marks in a row, the so-called “Banzenstrasse”.When the skin is bitten, it secretes saliva, which causes itching and wheals at the puncture site. Cimicosis is the name of the bed bug disease. The skin reactions generally only appear a few days later and the symptoms last up to 10 days.
Scratching can increase the risk of an infection or allergic reaction.At the same time, bed bugs are considered to be disease carriers because they can carry many pathogens. But not everyone reacts equally. Some people don’t mind bed bug bites very much.
Not every doctor immediately recognizes whether it is a bed bug bite, as the puncture site is also similar to that of fleas and mosquitoes. An antihistamine and cooling gels or hydrocortisone creams from the pharmacy help against the first signs of a reaction.